Zambia Profile

The Republic of Zambia, with its population of 20.02 million (2022) of which roughly 50 per cent are under the age of 14, is situated in southern Africa bordered by the Democratic Republic of Congo to its north, Tanzania to its north-east, Malawi to its east, and Mozambique, Zimbabwe, Botswana and Namibia to its south with Angola to its west. The Zambia (named after the Zambezi river that flows through the country) was one of Africa's richest countries up until its independence from the United Kingdom in 1964 not least because of its rich copper mining and export heritage. However following independence from the United Kingdom in 1964, Zambia followed the route of so many emerging African nations with one party installing itself in power and opposition parties suppressed.

Zambia's first president, Kenneth David Kaunda, pursued this route and his socialist policies severely damaged the country',;s economy and infrastructure which was already under resourced at the time of independence. By 1991 civil unrest forced multi party elections with Frederick Chiluba becoming president. Today Zambia is a relatively stable multi-party democracy having experienced a number of successful and peaceful transitions of power although serious challenges face the country. Such challenges include widespread poverty, a low life expectancy of 61.22 years (2021) not least because of the high prevalence of AIDS and the high numbers of orphans in the country ~ 30% of all children in Zambia under the age of 15 are orphans. Many of them head towards urban areas simply to survive by begging, forced labour and/or sexual exploitation. One fifteen year old boy described the lifestyle: "I have lived like this since 2001 when my parents died. I sleep in ditches. If I see people carrying plastic bags, I ask to help. They give anything, maybe 1,000 kwacha [UK 18p], maybe more."

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Zambia Profile

Zambia Profile

Zambia Profile

Zambia Profile

 


Zambia History

Zambia History

A video documentary and timeline about the history of Zambia from early times to the present day.
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Volunteer in Zambia

African Volunteer Work: Zambia

Check out all the latest fee paying and free volunteer work placements with local projects in Zambia.
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Lusaka Profile

Lusaka Profile

All about Lusaka, one of Africa's fastest growing cities, together with images and video.
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Zambia Profile

Zambia Profile

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There is so much work needed to be undertaken with children in Zambia to get them off the streets into safe environments, into school so that they can get an education and to develop a better awareness of HIV/AIDS. For more information about Zambia check our profile pages below. Zambia is in 153rd place out of 191 countries and territories in 2021 when ranked in terms of life expectancy, literacy, access to knowledge and the living standards of a country. That is above neighbouring Zimbabwe in 159th place, but just below Angola in 150th place and well above its other neighbours Malawi 172nd and Mozambique in 183rd out of 191 but, although in a better position than in many other sub-Saharan countries, Zambia experiences food shortages on a regular basis and the urban/rural poverty gap has been growing even further over recent years. Find out more about Zambia here in a series of articles and videos together with news about Zambia.

Zambia Quiz

Zambia Quiz

Take our online Burkina Faso trivia quiz and see how much you know about the country of Zambia!
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