Ethiopia Profile

Whenever you think of children living in poverty in Africa, many people tend to think about Ethiopia, a vast country with a population of 123.4 million (2022) people whose history stretches back into the mists of time. Unlike many other African nations, Ethiopia has always been independent (apart from a brief period of occupation by Italy.) Despite not being a former colony, Ethiopia still suffered from poor governance and dictatorships for decades. It was ruled for over forty years by the Emperor Hailie Selassis, then a military junta until 1991. Wars with neighbours continued over boundary disputes, although now seemingly resolved, and Ethiopia is currently in turmoil following the rise to power of Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed with tensions rising over Ethiopia's post 1991 ethno-federalist setlement for

the governance of the country, with many Ethiopians seeing it as a guarantee of local autonomy, while others view it as an obstacle to effective central government. These tensions erupted into open conflict in 2020 between the federal and Tigray governments in the northern region of Ethiopia, an effective war that has seen tens of thousands killed to date. Cont/...

Complete Ethiopia Profile

Ethiopia Profile

Ethiopia Profile

Ethiopia Profile

Ethiopia Profile


Ethiopia History

Ethiopia History

A video about the history of Ethiopia detailing its rich history and customs as well as border conflicts.
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Volunteer in Ethiopia

African Volunteer Work: Ethiopia

Check out all the latest fee paying and free volunteer work placements with local projects in Ethiopia.
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Ethiopian Quiz

Ethiopia Quiz

Take our Ethiopia country quiz and find out how much you really know about the country.
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Ethiopia Profile

Ethiopia Profile




Although Ethiopia has a fast growing economy, the vast majority of its population live in poor rural areas dependent on subsistence farming. Ethiopia's famine of 1984-1985, resulting from poor rainfall and leading to an almost total failure of crop production was followed in 1986 by a locust plague. The famine affected around eight million people, with one million of them dying of starvation.

The country remains drought prone making for widespread food insecurity. Ethiopia is in 176th place out of 191 countries and territories in 2021 when ranked in terms of life expectancy, literacy, access to knowledge and the living standards of a country. Despite having the fastest growing economy in the region, with an aim of reaching lower-middle-income status as a country by 2025, an estimated 13.2 million people in Ethiopia don't have enough to eat according to the 2021 Humanitarian Response Plan (HPR), made worse in the north by the conflict there.

It is hard to believe that an estimated 720,000-1,200,000 children in Ethiopia have been have been orphaned by AIDS, with a further 109,133 infected themselves, with 2,420 becoming infected annually. Four and a half million children are orphans in Ethiopia and is estimated that a further 200,000 children are becoming orphaned there every year.

Find out more about the nation of Ethiopia in our profile pages above and get further insights watching the video (left.)


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