Although peace was eventually established, Cape Colony was
unable to establish any effective control over Basutoland and it
requested that London re-establish direct control over the
territory which it did in 1884. In 1910 the Basutoland Council was established (partly from
internal pressure not to cede the protectorate to the newly
emerging Union of South Africa) comprising the
paramount chief, ninety nine Basotho Members and headed by the
resident British Commissioner.
This effectively gave the area
self government for the next fifty years until 1960 when the
Basutoland National Council, an indirectly elected legislative
body, was created largely in response to increasing pressure for
constitutional change and self determination pursued most
the Basutoland Congress Party (BCP) headed by Ntsu Mokhehle. This
year also saw Prince Bereng Seeiso installed as
opposed to the BCP had also begun to emerge, the Marerna Tiou
Party (MTP) led by S S Matete and the Basutoland National Party
(BNP) headed by Chief Leabua Jonathan (left). A Constitutional
Review Commission was appointed by Moshoeshoe II in 1961
reporting two years later with a proposal for an independent
nation state with a constitution acceptable to the British.
Elections were duly held in 1965 and the BNP, led by Leabua
Jonathan, took the country into independence as the Kingdom of
Lesotho on 4th October 1966 with a constitutional monarchy,
senate and national assembly forming the governmental structure.
Since them, Lesotho has suffered from internal politicking
which has left an already disadvantaged country even weaker,
where a third of the population has AIDS, alongside high
unemployment, near economic collapse and a week currency.