As with many of the newly emerging African nations, Ghana's newly found
independence was lost to the people in a succession of coups.
In 1981 political parties were banned after Lt. Jerry Rawlings seized power,
however in 1992 multi party elections were restored and Rawlings himself won
that and a subsequent election in 1996.
The new constitution preventing him from standing for a third time. Today the
president is John Mills having won the 2009 election.
With its population of same 24 million, Ghana is seen as a
relatively stable democracy today, supported by an economy buoyed by gold and
Oil reserves found off the coast are likely to boost the
economy further in years to come.
Despite this poverty remains an issue with 23% of the urban
population living below the poverty line however this figure rises rapidly to
60% as you progress into the north of the country particularly the Rural
Savannah and Rural Forests areas. Much of this is down to due to a short rainy
season that barely allows for subsistence farming leading to malnutrition
amongst many children who live there.