Africa is a huge continent measuring 32,221,532 sq km and while its population in 1850 was estimated to be around 110 million, today it stands at 1,373,486,514. This accelerated growth rate is now slowing as traditionally most women had around 5-8 children not least with the expectation that one in five would die before their 5th birthday, however better health care, preventing so many preventable child deaths, and the spread of AIDS, leading to wider use of protection, have, among other factors, resulted in an overall fall in the birth rate.
Overall there are an estimated 3000 distinct tribes in Africa with 370 in Nigeria alone and some 2000 languages spoken across the continent with Arabic being the most widely spoken with 170 million doing so. The table below shows the current population of Africa with data taken from a number of sources and all estimates are believed to be correct based on the latest data available. The video below shows African population projections up to the year 2100.
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