school aged children are also are not enrolled in school. Illiteracy is
high in Burundi which is having an affect on the country's ability to
rebuild itself and secure the peace.
This poverty, lack of confidence in the government, and bleak
outlook for the future amongst the Burundi people who are
naturally guarded and wary by nature, does not augur well for
the future. There have also been recent disturbing signs of a
return to strife with grenade attacks, assassinations and a
marked rise in armed robberies and car-jackings.
As such, the United States
has banned its staff from walking the streets or using public transport
after dusk given the high rates of crime which is normally accompanied by
gun wielding attackers operating in pairs or gangs. Those using cars are
required to travel in convoys of at least two vehicles in case of attack on
the roads ~ which can be used by anyone as there are no driving tests in
The peace in Burundi is also threatened by external forces.
Burundi troops together with forces from Uganda make up the 9000
strong peacekeeping mission in Somalia,
(AMISOM). In retaliation, al Shabaab, a terrorist group
operating mainly in southern and central Somalia, has threatened
attacks in Burundi.
Should such attacks occur or groups such as
al Shabaab make inroads into Burundi, that could only serve to
further undermine Burundi's already fractured society where
dangers remain evident. Even as recently as 2008 UNICEF were
reporting that "Burundi's children continue to be threatened by
rape, child prostitution, child labour, recruitment into
militias, internal displacement, kidnapping and landmines."