unemployment stands at 23.3% compared with 32% at the end of
apartheid (but still one of the world's highest rates). This
figure is of more concern when it is further analysed. Sixteen
years after the end of apartheid, 29.8% of blacks are
unemployed compared with 22.3% of 'coloureds', 8.6% of Asians
and just 5.1% of whites. Furthermore, 22% of the population live below the internationally
recognised poverty line (although this has fallen from the 50%
of 2000), life expectancy is just over fifty years and infant
mortality rates are running at 43 for every 1000 births.
Africa has a higher number of HIV infections than any other
country on earth and the disease has orphaned 1.4 million
children. Crime levels are endemic, particularly sexual crimes,
with girls in South Africa having a one in three chance of
finishing school but a one in two chance of being raped.
One in four South African males admit to rape, with over three
quarters first offending as teenage boys in the belief that
girls are 'fair game' and the crime is of little or no
consequence. Crimes against white farmers are also widespread
with an estimated 3000 being murdered representing 4-5% of the
white framing community since 2001.