Kigali is both
the largest city in Rwanda and its capital city, hosting both
its presidential quarters and government offices. Kigali
didn't really exist until 1907 when it was built by the
Germans after Dr. Richard Kandt, the first European resident
of Rwanda, set up an administrative residence there.It then
became the colonial outpost of the country of which the
Germans had taken control under the Berlin Conference
agreement. Kigali became the capital of Rwanda in 1962 following
independence from Belgium after they had taken control of
the country following Germany's defeat in the First World War.
Today Kigali has a population of some one million and is very
much a 'young city' with young people making up around 60% of
its population, of whom just over half are female. Kigali was
the ground zero of the genocide of 1994 during which much of its infrastructure was badly damaged and in its memory the
Kigali Genocide Memorial Center (bottom right) opened in April 2004.
It contains a
permanent exhibition of the Rwandan genocide
and an exhibition of other genocides around the world.
This short video takes you on a ride through Kigali and gives
some insight into what it is like living there. After you've
watched the video why not make a virtual landing at Kigali
Airport below then explore Kigali in more detail using the
interactive map below.
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