ongoing ethnic tensions
between the Hutu and Tutsi population erupted in a mass slaughter that led to
the killing of an estimated half to one million Rwandans, the equivalent of one
in five of the then entire population including 300,000 of its own children.
Despite this bloodbath, Rwanda is now respected as one of the
most stable African nations. Yet the mass genocide of the early
1990s has deeply scarred the nation; a recent survey found that
a troubling 60% of children stated that they did not care if
they ever grew up because of their past.
Rwanda is in 167th place out of 186 countries and territories in 2013 when
ranked in terms of life expectancy, literacy, access to knowledge and the living
standards of a country with 65% of all rural Rwandans living on or below the
poverty line with a life expectancy of 55yrs.
About 80% of Rwandans are dependent on the land for their living although, as
farms are split as they are handed down through the generations, farming is
becoming increasingly fragmented there with around one hundred thousand children
working on the land to achieve some form of living.