During the 17th Century both the
English and Dutch started moving into the area together with the Omani Arabs,
however this latter group was repelled by the English and Germans during the
1880s. Between 1952 and 1959 Kenya was
placed under a state of emergency following a rebellion by the Mau Mau and the
country was finally granted its independence from British rule in 1963.
Kenya is widely regarded as a
stable and peaceful country, however there have been incidents of border issues
particularly with Somalia,
where Kenya has been keen to broker peace talks against its warring neighbour.
Recent violence flared in Kenya following the re-election of President Kibaki in
His opponent, Raila Odinga of the
Orange Democratic Movement, appeared to have a large lead in the vote as the
results came in, however by close of voting, this lead had evaporated in what
was allegedly election fraud. Kibaki was subsequently declared the winner and
within minutes violence and rioting had broken out across Kenya.
Matters descended dangerously
further when two opposition MPs were shot and killed. In total between 800 -
1500 were killed with a further estimated 200,000 displaced. The effect had a
knock on effect for other countries close to Kenya for they relied upon Kenya
for access to the port at Mombasa both for imports and exports.