Islam in Africa

 

Islam in Africa


Just under 25% of the world's population are Muslim making it the world's second largest religion, although many declare it as the world's leading religion as many Christians are only nominal, whilst most Muslims actively practise their religion on a daily basis. The coastal area of North Africa was conquered by the Islamic army at the end of the seventh century forcing the indigenous Moors (or Berbers) down into the Maghreb desert area where they continued to resist Arab rule. At this time the epi-centre of the Muslim world relocated from Mecca and Medina to present day Iraq and by the eighth century the civil wars of the Muhammadan succession saw the Meccan traditionalists forced into exile in the Maghreb where they co-existed with the Moors converting them into traditional Islam hostile to Arab rule along the north African coastline. This new group came to be known as the 'Ibadites' and they founded cities deep in the Maghreb outside the influence and control of the Arabs on the coast. Within 200 years the Ibadites had seized control of the Arab ruled lands and forced them from North Africa replacing them with states ruled directly by descendants of the Prophet through his daughter Fatima. The Moors went on to conquer Spain from its Arab rulers and for 600 years these Sunni Muslims went on to rule the countries now known as Morocco, Algeria, Libya, Mauritania and Western Egypt before eventually falling under Ottoman and then French colonial rule. Despite this colonial rule, like the Arab governors of a millennia before, foreign influence and control was largely confined to the coastline and became increasingly nominal further south into the Maghreb where a pure and highly traditional form of Islam remains to this day.


Islam in Africa


Below shows the Muslim population in each country in Africa


African Country: Muslim Population % of Population
Algeria 34,780,000 98.2%
Angola 195,000 1.0%
Benin 2,259.000 24.5%
Botswana 8,000 0.4%
Burkina Faso 9,600,000 58.9%
Burundi 184,000 2.2%
Cameroon 3,598,000 18%
Cape Verde < 1000 0.1%
Central African Republic 403,000 8.9%
Chad 6,404,000 55.7%
Comoros 679,000 98.3%
Congo, Democratic Republic of (Congo-Kinshasa) 969,000 1.4%
Congo, Republic of (Congo-Brazzaville) 60,000 1.6%
Cote d'Ivoire (Ivory Coast) 7,960,000 36.9%
Djibouti 853,000 97%
Egypt 80,024,000 94.7%
Equatorial Guinea 28,000 4.1%
Eritrea 1,909,000 36.5%
Ethiopia 28,721,000 33.8%
Gabon 145,000 9.7%
Gambia 1,669,000 95.3%
Ghana 3,906,000 16.1%
Guinea 8,693,000 84.2%
Guinea-Bissau 705,000 42.8%
Kenya 2,868,000 7%
Lesotho 1000 < 0.1%
Liberia 523,000 12.8%
Libya 6,325,000 96.6%
Madagascar 220,000 1.1%
Malawi 2,011,000 12.8%
Mali 12,316,000 92.4%
Mauritania 3,338,000 99.2%
Mauritius 216,000 16.6%
Morocco 32,281,000 99.9%
Mozambique 5,340,000 22.8%
Namibia 9,000 0.4%
Niger 15,627,000 98.3%
Nigeria 75,728,000 47.9%
Rwanda 188,000 1.8%
Sao Tome and Principe < 1000 < 0.1%
Senegal 12,333,000 95.9%
Seychelles < 1000 1.1%
Sierra Leone 4,171,000 71.5%
Somalia 9,231,000 98.6%
South Africa 737,000 1.5%
South Sudan Figures disputed Figures disputed
Sudan (figures inc South Sudan at present) 30,855,000 71.4%
Swaziland 2000 < 0.2%
Tanzania 13,450,000 29.9%
Togo 827,000 12.2%
Tunisia 10,349,000 99.8%
Western Sahara 528,000 98.6%
Uganda 4,060,000 12%
Zambia 59,000 0.4%
Zimbabwe 109,000 0.9%






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