At just over three times the size of California, Chad is
sometimes referred to as the 'Dead Heart of Africa', being
landlocked with a largely desert climate. The landscape falls
into three main areas; the savannah zone of the south, the arid Sahelian
belt in the middle and the desert north where Chad
reaches its highest point of 11,204ft at Emi Koussi, an extinct
volcanic peak in the Tibesti Mountains (left).
Located south of Libya, Chad stretches south to its
southernmost point by 1118 miles. The country shares borders
with the Central African Republic, Sudan, Niger, Nigeria and
with the last three countries also bordering Lake Chad,
though the bulk of the lake is in Chad itself.
from many man made dangers with conflict ridden areas
particularly in the Islamic leaning north, Chad also suffers
from natural hazards including hot, dry, dusty harmattan
winds, again in the north and regular droughts along with
semi-arid Chad has a number of rivers the longest of which is
the Chari River (above, right) which flows for 589 miles from
the Central Africa Republic through Chad into Lake Chad for
which it provides 90% of its water supply. The Charin is joined
by the Logone River near N'Djamena.
Places of interest to visit in Chad include the city of
Abéché with its old markets, cobbled streets and mosques. For
the more adventurous the Tibesti Mountains, home of the Toubou
tribe, are well worth a visit for their spectacular chasms and
crags as is the recently refurbished Zakouma National Park where
a wide range of wildlife can be seen from elephants to lions.
Those interested in history should pay a visit to the
National Museum in N'Djamena itself with its antique collections
including one from the 9th Century Sarh culture. More modern
history is also be witnessed with many bullet holes still evident
in many of the capital's buildings!
If visiting the capital its best to remember that the city is
very much one of two cultures of the Arabic north and the more
western orientated south with its thriving bars and live music.