Central African Republic Profile

The Central African Republic with its population of some 4.3-4.4 million stands today not so much as a failed state but a landmass that it referred to as a state, defined primarily by its boundaries with other African nations. Cut off from outside influences for hundreds of years, armed slaved traders penetrated the region in the mid-nineteenth century and exported much of the population, particularly in the east of the country.

The Central African Republic was the former French colony of Ubangi-Chari and established self government in 1958 with Barthelemy Boganda as its prime minister. A year later Boganda was dead, however the country

gained its independence in 1960 with his nephew, David Dacko, as its first president. Dacko quickly established one party rule, or perhaps mis-rule and there followed three decades of political turmoil with a succession of governments, mainly military, until democracy was allowed to emerge in 1993.

Democracy, however, did not bring about the changes required in a poor country that had suffered from years of internal divisions and the next ten years continued to see civil unrest, coup attempts, and revolts from soldiers and civil servants over unpaid wages. In 2003 Rebel leader Francois Bozize marched into the capital of the Central African Republic, Bangui, and declared himself President (whilst the then president Ange-Felix Patasse was out of the country. Patasse was later to be found guilty in his absence of fraud and sentenced to twenty years hard labour.) Bozize was confirmed as President in 2005 and again in disputed elections held in 2011.

However his government fell to the Séléka rebel group in March 2013 with its leader, Michel Djotodia, proclaiming himself President. Fighting continued between the rebel groups with hundreds of thousands being displaced and on 11th January 2014, Djotodia and his prime minister both resigned in favour of an interim government headed by the National Transitional Council with intreim President, Catherine Samba-Panza, assuming office on 23 January. The current transitional government of the Central African Republic whilst in power, has little to no control of outlying areas particularly around Central African Republic's borders where rebel groups operate using guerrilla tactics to often terrorise local communities.


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CAR Profile

CAR Profile

CAR Profile


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Central African Republic Profile

Central African Republic Profile

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The Central African Republic is in 180th place out of 186 countries and territories in 2013 when ranked in terms of life expectancy, literacy, access to knowledge and the living standards of a country and is one of the poorest countries in Africa, with poor infrastructure including schools and municipal buildings and life outcomes. 67% of the population live on less than 60p a day and whilst GDP in Sub-Saharan Africa has risen by 78% since 1985, its barely risen by 10% in the Central African Republic and amongst the six most least developed countries in the world, it is the only one not to have made any progress in the last twenty years. The ongoing instability of the country and the inability of many aid agencies to operate there safely is reflected in the levels of humanitarian aid which has risen by 54% for the area, but fallen by 60% for the CAR, making it the lowest recipient of aid in the area.


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