with its population of just over eight million, is one of Africa's smaller nations
covering an area of 9,903 sq miles and is located on the
north-eastern shoreline of Lake Tanganyika. Burundi borders Rwanda
to the north, the Democratic Republic of Congo to the west, and
Tanzania to the east and south.
Burundi lies within the rift valleys and great lakes region of
Africa. Its main rivers include the Kanyaru, Malagarasi, Rusize
and Ruvubu, and its lakes include the Cohaha, Rwero and of
course, Lake Tanganyika itself.
Burundi has four topographical zones; the tropical Rusizi
plain (left) which is Burundi's only land mass below 3000 feet, the Congo-Nile Ridge, where there is a mild and temperate
climate, the central plateau and the depressions of the east and
Despite having a moderate tropical climate with average
temperatures between 23 and 24ºC. farming
there is a struggle with most farms being around half a hectare
and only really suitable for growing cash crops such coffee, tea,
tobacco and cotton. (Cash crops are those which are grown to
sell to provide food rather than growing food to eat.)
Much of the countryside has been over grazed and due to the
cutting down of trees for fuel together with poor farming
methods, soil erosion has become an issue as well as the
diminishing habitat loss for wildlife as more and more land is
used for building projects to house Burundi's increasing
population. Some reports indicate that there will be no more
arable land in Burundi by 2020 if current trends continue.
If visiting the Burundi countryside check out Belvedere that
overlooks Lake Tanganyika, the Livingstone Stanley Stone (left) just
over seven miles south of the capital Bujumbura on the river Mugera and both the Rusizi Natural Reserve and the Ruvubu
National Park both of which offer a wide variety of wildlife.
Also worth a visit is the Gishora Drums Sanctuary just outside
Burundi's second largest city of Gitega where you can learn more
about the culture of Burundi.
This video shows images of the Burundi countryside and gives a
good look and feel of Burundi today.