The Republic of Zambia, with its
population of some thirteen million people, is situated in southern Africa
bordered by the Democratic Republic of Congo to its north, Tanzania to its
north-east, Malawi to its east, and Mozambique, Zimbabwe, Botswana and Namibia
to its south with Angola to its west.
It is about the size of Switzerland, Belgium, the Netherlands and
has some spectacular scenery, including the Victoria Falls
along the Zambezi river (the country's lowest point and after
which the country is named ), the Bangweulu Swamps which cover
an area of 3,800 square miles and the Luangwa river valley.
It is a country mainly comprising of plateaus around 3,000ft -
4500 ft above sea level although some of the country is much
higher reaching 5,900ft in height, exemplified by the Muchinga
Mountains in the north-east of Zambia.
Popular images of
Zambia include its many lakes either in Zambia or its borders. These
include Bangweulu, Mweru, and Tanganyika in the north of the country
as well as Lake Kariba in the south, an artificial lake created by
the building of the Kariba dam which supplies hydro-electricity to
Zimbabwe as well as Zambia itself. Lake Kariba is Africa's largest
man-made lake and the world's second largest. It is a popular
tourist destination being described as Zambia's 'Riviera.'
For the historian a
visit to the Nsaly caves is well worth a visit where there are
12,000 year old rock paintings as are other rock paintings at Zawi
Hill and Rocklands Farm. Only about 7% of the
land in Zambia is arable however the tropical climate of the country
provides for a diverse range of crops from tobacco, maize, cotton,
rice and wheat to citrus fruits, pineapples, bananas, grapes,
avocados and mangoes as well as tea, coffee and sugar.