Botswana Profile

Botswana with a population of just under two million, is the 47th largest country in the world slightly smaller than Texas, although some 70% of its land is covered by the Kalahari Desert. Formerly known as the British colony of Bechuanaland, Botswana gained its independence in 1966, and, unlike so many other African countries, has maintained a stable and democratic government since that time allowing its economy to grow uninterrupted by war and conflict. This stability has also led to much needed foreign investment. Its outputs include minerals, principally diamonds, and it has a growing tourism sector mainly due to its extensive nature preserves.

Botswana invests heavily in education which is free for all, and young people generally attend school for twelve years in total. Literacy rates are high and rising but life expectancy is around 58 years due to high HIV/AIDS infection rates with Botswana having one of the highest prevalence of the virus in the world.

In fact Botswana has some 778,000 children under the age of 18yrs of whom 95,000 have been orphaned by AIDS, with over 15,000 children aged under 15 yrs infected themselves.

It is estimated that nearly a quarter of all adults are similarly infected however Botswana is widely recognised to have one of the most advanced programs in Africa to deal with the disease.

Bordering Zimbabwe, perhaps one of the biggest difficulties Botswana faces as a country with a small population is maintaining a sealed border against Zimbabwe as many thousands attempt to flee that country in fear of prosecution.

Botswana simply does not have the resources to cope with the needs of these refugees. The picture collection below shows typical images from Botswana and the video to your left provides more facts and information about Botswana.


Botswana Profile

Botswana Profile

Botswana Profile

Botswana Profile



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Botswana Profile

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Today Botswana is in 109th place out of 186 countries and territories in 2013 when ranked in terms of life expectancy, literacy, access to knowledge and the living standards of a country however there remain real issues with children living in poverty, around 30% in rural areas who also suffer from food insecurity.

Synopsis: Unlike many other African countries, Botswana has enjoyed peaceful, civilian government since independence in 1966 leading to one of the best performing economies in Africa.


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