Port Louis, named after Louis XV of France (15th February 1710 - 10th May
1774), is the largest city on the island of Mauritius and its capital with a
population of some 148,000. It is located in the north-west of the island between the Indian ocean and the Moka mountains
(left). Taken by the British during the Napoleonic Wars and ruled until
independence in 1968, the city has a mixed traditional and modern feel
blending 18th century colonial buildings such as its sugar mill and bazaar
with the ancient and modern Caudan Waterfront in south-west Port Louis;
today a popular shopping destination located on the Le Caudan peninsula which,
over the past two hundred and fifty years, has been home to an astronomic and
meteorological observatory, workshops, quays, warehouses. The
buildings have been adapted for modern use with, for example the old meteorological observatory now being a food court and restaurant.
Today Port Louis's economy is driven by
the financial sector, business and tourism with popular sights including the
remains of the Indian Ocean's first meteorological observatory largely
dismantled in 1880 and the Blue Penny Museum which explores the seafaring
history of the island nation.