Guinea, formerly known as the
French Guinea, achieved independence from France in 1958 and has a population of some ten million people.
Guinea's first president, Ahmed Sékou Touré, took the country out of the French Community, leading to France taking
retaliatory action including the breaking all political and economic ties.
Touré then declared Guinea a one party state and has effectively remained
that way to the present day. Touré ran Guinea as a Marxist state
and in the process destroyed its economy and much of its infrastructure.