Naturally, after a democratic
election in a newly emerging African nation, M’ba quickly sought to suppress the
press, ban political demonstrations and erode the existence of opposition
political parties, ensuring all power was invested in his presidency; all
achieved with the ongoing support of France, much to the dismay of the wider
M/ba died in 1967 and his vice
president, Omar Bonga, succeeded him to the presidency and went on to dominate
the politics of Gabon for four decades becoming one of the longest serving heads
of state in the world.
He died in 2009 and was succeeded in
elections in August of that year by ..... his son.
Today, Gabon is a relatively
wealthy country, benefiting from the exports of its off-shore oil fields and is
in 106th place out of 187 countries and territories in 2011 when ranked in terms
of life expectancy, literacy, access to knowledge and the living standards of a
However oil output is declining,
and, despite attempts to diversify the economy, poverty remains widespread
standing at around 33% especially in rural areas where children also suffer from
a lack of educational provision. For others, whilst education is free, other
school expenses put it beyond the reach of many poor families.