Many in Nigeria see themselves as belonging to one or more
of the 250 ethnic/tribal groups in the country rather than
as a citizen of Nigeria itself. The three areas most
Nigerians align themselves to are the Yoruba (westerners),
Igbo (easterners) and Hausa (northerners).
such it was decided in the 1970s to move the country's capital from
Lagos on the Gulf of Guinea, to the centre of the country in an
effort to symbolise national unity.
December 1991 the newly built city of Abuja became Nigeria's
official capital after being constructed throughout the 1980s.