Although widely known as Togo, the former German protectorate of Togoland is actually called the Togolese Republic.
After the cessation of hostilities at the end of the
First World War, its rule was transferred to France and Britain with British Togoland becoming part of the newly created state
of Ghana in 1957 and French Togoland gaining its full independence in 1960.
Togo's first president, Sylvanus Olympio, was assassinated in 1963 in a military
coup led by Sergeant Etienne Eyadema Gnassingbe and opposition leader Nicolas
Grunitzky was appointed President.