Togo Profile

Although widely known as Togo, the former German protectorate of Togoland is actually called the Togolese Republic.

After the cessation of hostilities at the end of the First World War, its rule was transferred to France and Britain with British Togoland becoming part of the newly created state of Ghana in 1957 and French Togoland gaining its full independence in 1960.

Togo's first president, Sylvanus Olympio, was assassinated in 1963 in a military coup led by Sergeant Etienne Eyadema Gnassingbe and opposition leader Nicolas Grunitzky was appointed President.

However Gnassingbe was later to overthrow Grunitzky in a bloodless coup in 1967 and went on to become Africa's longest serving dictator until his death in 2005.

Despite tentative steps towards a more open democracy, many see these steps as stalled and Togo remains relatively unstable and one of the poorest countries in the world with many of its citizens living in neighbouring countries such as Benin having fled there following the violence that engulfed the 2005 elections.

Over half of Togo's population lives under the international poverty line and Togo is widely condemned for its human rights abuses and aid by the EU was cut to the country in 1993 and remains suspended due to that poor human rights record.

Following legislative elections in 2007 which were broadly seen as fair, some NGOs are returning to the country in the belief that Togo is demonstrating a commitment to good governance however concerns remain that this progress is tentative and a further generation of children will be lost to poor quality services and a disregard of basic rights.


Togo Profile

Togo Profile

Togo Profile

Togo Profile


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Togo Profile Human Development Index Togo

Togo is in 159th place out of 186 countries and territories in 2013 when ranked in terms of life expectancy, literacy, access to knowledge and the living standards of a country with a life expectancy of 57yrs.


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