The history of the current Kingdom of Swaziland
can be traced back 200,000 years as Stone Age artifacts have been
found in the region as well as pre-historic rock art dating from
around 25,000 BCE.
Whilst home to a
number of peoples, the Swazis, descendants of the Bantu, migrated
to the area in the 15th and 16th centuries.
By the late nineteenth
century Africa was becoming heavily colonised and Swaziland came
under joint British and the Boer Republic of Transvaal rule before
becoming a British protectorate in 1903.