with its population of around 15,000,000 is located
in west Africa and shares borders with Nigeria and
Benin to its south, Burkina Faso and Mal to its
west, Algeria and Libya to its north and Chad to its
east. Niger is a landlocked country with 80% covered by the
Sahara desert ~ and increasingly so with encroaching
desertification, and even the non desert areas of the country
face habitual droughts and famines.
Niger is one of the hottest
countries in the world and ninety per cent of the country's
population live in the south where there is savannah suitable
for animal rearing and pockets of arable land. Only the hardy
Tuareg> tend to live in the desert areas in the north.
The Niger River (see map below), after which the country is named, begins in south east Guinea, then runs through
Mali, Niger itself and Nigeria
finally ending its 2,600 mile journey as it flows
into into the Atlantic Ocean through the Gulf of
Guinea. Niger also borders on Lake Chad to its
south-east into which another major river, the Yobe
(or the Komadougou Yobe) flows.
are many images in Niger well worth exploring from
the Aïr Mountains that reach a height of 6,376 ft on
Mt. Gréboun, the thermal hot springs at Tafadek, the
oasis towns of Timia and Lferouâne and, of course,
the Ténéré desert with its incredible dinosaur
graveyards, and, if you're into history, the
medieval settlements at Djado (right) are all well worth a
has a subtropical climate which is
characteristically hot and dry particularly in the
arid regions however further south, in the rolling
savannahs, the climate is more sub-tropical
particularly around the Niger River basin. The above
map shows the topography of Niger.