Mozambique Profile

Mozambique is a country located in south-east Africa bordered by the Indian Ocean to the east, with Tanzania to its north, Malawi and Zambia to its north-west, Zimbabwe to its west and both the Kingdom of Swaziland and South Africa to its south-west.

Following its independence from Portugal in 1975, after centuries of colonial rule, Mozambique plunged into a long civil war within two years that was to last until 1992 and claimed the lives of some 900,000 of its population, displaced around five million and left many more injured and amputees through the deployment of landmines.

The end of the war was augured by the collapse of the Soviet Union, a force that Mozambique's political class was closely aligned with, alongside the virtual disintegration of Mozambique's economy. In 1990 the ruling Fremilo party accepted a new democratic constitution and held free elections in 1992, which it won, and has done so in all further elections.

Today the country is considered stable and is attracting foreign investment, however with 80% living in rural areas, most lack clean water, access to education and health resources. Around 1.5 million of the country's population of some 23 million is infected with AIDS/HIV. With levels rising rapidly it is soon expected that over 16% of the population will be infected with the resulting further drain on poor household resources as family members need to decrease their limited economic activity to provide care for those afflicted.

There are over 1.4 million orphans in Mozambique, a third of them due to HIV/AIDS. Thousands of these children, an estimated 5000, live on the streets, however the exact number cannot be quantified. Many of these children, like so many from the general population, have no birth certificates, so cannot even prove their are from Mozambique, and of course, apart from those reached by charitable organisations, have no access to education, health care, nor a viable future. The country has also been badly affected by the floods of 2000-2001 which destroyed much of the remaining poor infrastructure and then, in the following year, the country was hit by a severe drought which destroyed crops and left many starving.


Mozambique Profile

Mozambique Profile

Mozambique Profile

Mozambique Profile



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Mozambique Profile Human Development Index Mozambique

Human Development Index for Mozambique 1980 - Present

The HDI (Human Development Index) is measured by the UNESCO Institute for Statistics (UIS) and the World Bank and is based upon the life expectancy, literacy, access to knowledge and living standards of a country. Mozambique is in 185th place out of 186 countries and territories in 2013 when ranked in terms of life expectancy, literacy, access to knowledge and the living standards of a country and life expectancy is just 41 years with under half the population is literate.


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