Moroni Profile

Moroni was ruled from the 12th to 19th century by Muslim sultans after Arab traders had established it as a small port in the 10th century in a small cove in south-west Grande Comore (Njazidja) island of the Comoros islands. It derives its name from the Arabic for "in the heart of the fire" due to its proximity to Mount Karthala (below), an active volcano that has erupted some twenty times in the last hundred years alone (it last erupted in 2006 ~ but just for a few days).

Mount KarthalaThe French established rule over Comoros in 1841 when the island was ceded to them by the King of Mayotte, Andrian Tsouli. Moroni and the rest of the islands were then administered from the original capital of the Comoro, Dzaoudzi, on the island of Mayotte until 1958 when the capital was transferred to Moroni. On independence in 1975 in retained its status as capital. It has been the scene of many violent protests since independence with the country having had more than twenty coups or attempted coups since that time. Many areas of Moroni are quite run down with rubbish littering the streets and inadequate sewerage and water disposal facilities leaving an unpleasant odour in the air.

Ancienne Mosque du VendrediToday Moroni with its population of some 60,000, despite many modern office blocks, hotels and restaurants, retains an Arabic feel with wooden boats scattered along the seafront, narrow winding streets, close built whitewashed housing and shops, numerous mosques and a pilgrimage centre, Chiounda. Perhaps the most famous of its mosques is the Ancienne Mosque du Vendredi (right) built at the beginning of the 15th century and, whilst still a place of worship, is also a popular tourist attraction.

Although there are high levels of unemployment in Moroni, many are engaged in the manufacture of soft drinks, essential oils such as Ylang Ylang, metal, wood products and cement. Others rely on the limited tourist industry for employment or in the production and export through the port of vanilla, cloves, cocoa and coffee.

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Moroni: This file is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 3.0 Unported license

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Moroni Profile

Moroni Profile

Moroni Profile

Moroni Profile


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Moroni Profile

Moroni Profile

Facts, video and information about Moroni, the capital of Comoros together with its history and an interactive map.


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