This video montage shows pictures and images of Mogadishu
(meaning 'Seat of the Shah') from the 1800s onwards set to traditional Somalia music. Mogadishu is a very ancient
city and dates back to at least the ninth century and was a
cultural hybrid between Africa, Persia and the Arab world. Although a prosperous trading city spanning millennia, it
probably reached the zenith of its wealth in the fourteenth
The city was leased to Italy in 1892 and Italy went
on to actually buy Mogadishu in its entirety thirteen years
later, making it the capital of Italian Somaliland. Following
the first world war thousands of Italians moved to Mogadishu
and a modern building program started in the 1930 accompanied by
the assimilation of many Somalis into the city culture.
By the end of the 1930, some 10,000 Italian Somalians were
living in Mogadishu and the city continued to thrive under
Italian rule until it fell to the British, who were operating
out of Kenya, on February 26, 1941 during the Second World War.
Modern day Mogadishu has been the scene of many battles after rebel forces took the city in 1990 forcing the president of Somalia to flee to Kenya the following year. Despite UN intervention, Mogadishu was then effectively ruled by warlords until 2006 when the Islamic Courts Union took control. Later in 2006 Ethiopian forces swept into the country ousting the ICU and restored the former government which had been in exile in Kenya. Despite this there is no effective government in Somalia and
Mogadishu has continued to be a battle zone with hundreds of
thousands of its inhabitants being displaced. It is a city even
humanitarian aid workers fear to work with thirteen of their number killed
and many more injured and abducted since 2009.
The video botom right shows day to day life in Mogadishu and the
challenges its people face to survive whilst the video above shows pictures of old Mogadishu. After you've watch the
video make a virtual landing at Mogadishu International Airport
over the stunning blue waters of the Indian Ocean below then
explore Mogadishu in more detail using our interactive map of
the city below.
View Larger Map