85% of its population
live in rural areas
and overall over half its population are living on less than
60p a day; life expectancy is just 52 years with many suffering from malaria,
tuberculosis and HIV-AIDS, with nearly 12% of the adult population being
infected with HIV alone. In fact, the death rate is so severe that nearly half
of the population (45.8%) is under the age of 14.
Part of the reason for the
lack of resources chronic and underdevelopment in
Malawi was the mismanagement of the economy by President
Hastings Kamuzu Banda for thirty years after the country's
However, after he left power in the 1990s, political stability
has provided a footing for a reformation of the country with the
privatisation of many loss making state run institutions.
Uranium exports are also helping to boost export earnings in a
move away from reliance on foreign humanitarian aid.
the country is often
afflicted by severe famines with the famine of 2005 affecting over four million
of the country's inhabitants, leaving them without proper food supplies. The
United Nations declared the situation in Malawi "as one of the world's worst