Sao Paulo de Loanda was founded on 25th January 1575 by Portuguese explorer Paulo Dias de Novais and it served as the centre of the Portuguese slave trade to Brazil until 1836. By the time of independence
from Portugal in 1975 the city, now known as Luanda, was mainly
populated by white Portuguese, however, the Angolan civil war
that broke out in that year saw most of the Portuguese fleeing
the city back to Portugal or South Africa. The Angolan people
flooded in ~ but without any of the requisite knowledge to run
and maintain a city whose population was growing to the five
million today. This mass influx created mass slums flowing out
from the centre of Luanda which was simply not able
to cope with the millions heading towards it.
By 2002 the situation had stabilised and Angola's vast oil
and diamond production helped reconstruct the city until today,
when it is considered one of the most expensive places to live
on the African continent. This wealth is leading to a massive
rebuilding within the city which is likely to drastically alter
the city skyline over the next few years.
Located in the
north-east of Angola on the Atlantic coast, the city is easily
Quatro de Fevereiro airport, click below to make a virtual landing
at Luanda! Check out our interactive map of Luanda below and zoom in on areas of interest.
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