Human Development Index for
Swaziland 1990 - Present
The HDI (Human Development Index) is measured by the UNESCO Institute
for Statistics (UIS) and the World Bank and is based upon the life expectancy,
literacy, access to knowledge and living standards of a country. Swaziland is in 141st place out of 186 countries and territories in 2013 and
the chart below shows how levels of poverty and living standards in Swaziland are above other sub Saharan countries but significantly below medium human development.
Most people in Swaziland are poor, living on less than 60p a day and 40% of
all children suffer
from malnutrition. Poverty is compounded by the high unemployment rate which has
remained static at around 40% of the workforce for well over a decade.
Of those who do work, government delivered services
account for 50% of GDP, manufacturing (37%) and forestry and farming 13%. Just
10.25% of land in Swaziland is arable however 75% of the population is dependent
upon it for subsistence farming with maize being the main crop.
The manufacturing sector is
currently under threat as its main products, textiles and sugar are losing their
markets with the EU phasing out Swaziland's preferential prices and many
countries are now looking to eastern markets for their textile imports.
The future for children in
Swaziland looks bleak. Poverty, AIDS are only two of the problems facing the
country alongside overgrazing, soil depletion, drought (in one year alone more
than 25% of those in Swaziland were dependent on food due to drought) and sometimes floods.
Children in Swaziland need your help. Consider taking out a child sponsorship to
help at least one child in desperate need.