In South Sudan

In Sudan life is not measured by the number of world possessions you own which is just as well for the newly established country's eight million population (though some state the actual figure is closer to ten million.) Despite its oil fields that account for 98% of its income, South Sudan is a poor country and life in South Sudan is harsh with 90% of its population living on less that 60p a day.

85% of the population are reliant on subsistence farming however just 4% of the land in South Sudan is arable and few can expect to live beyond 52 years of age (Although the New Sudan Centre for Statistics and Evaluation states the figure is as low as 42 years).

One of the reasons for this low life expectancy in South Sudan is limited access to safe water supplies with just 27% having safe water, the remaining population in South Sudan are reliant on small boreholes that are often many miles away and are infected leading to a high prevalence of children in particular suffering from water related diseases such as bacterial and protozoa diarrhoea, hepatitis A and E, and typhoid fever.

This situation is compounded by the fact that just 15% of the population in South Sudan has access to adequate sanitary facilities. All of this results in around 670,000 children under the age of five dying from preventable diseases every year, three times as many as in the north of the country.

Educational outcomes are also poor for children in South Sudan with just two out of every hundred children completing their primary education. In fact South Sudan has the lowest enrolment of any country in the world apart from Afghanistan.

85% of the population are unable to read and write not least because around 2.5 million children had their education abandoned due to decades of war.



 
 
 
 
 
 

In South Sudan

In South Sudan

In South Sudan

In South Sudan

 


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In South Sudan


Another problem is the lack of suitable teaching staff as 75% of all teachers came from north Sudan and have stayed there. An appeal has gone out to ask qualified teachers from outside South Sudan to return to the country to help rebuild the educational infrastructure.

In South SudanLife in South Sudan has been made all the more difficult due to the number of returning refugees and displaced persons. As noted above the country has a population of eight million and 1.7 million returned in 2008 alone, placing increased pressure on an already week infrastructure in a country that has only 56 kilometres of paved roads (six of them in the capital Juba.)

Water in South SudanThe official end of hostilities hasn't ended further violence as its a way for life ingrained in many during the decades of civil war. Thousands have been killed this year alone over land and cattle disputes and the army has undertaken house to house searches confiscating 10,000 firearms. Furthermore, whilst the newly established government focuses attention on maintaining border security, its attention is diverted from rebuilding the country's infrastructure.

As one leading commenter noted "Life in South Sudan is likely to be precarious for some years to come." These two videos give a glimpse of daily life in South Sudan today.

 
 


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