Eritrea Border War

Following the end of the war with Ethiopia> in 1991 and a referendum confirming Eritrea independence in 1993, both sides of the conflict laid claim to areas including Badme, Tsorona-Zalambessa and Bure reflecting the fact that the border between Ethiopia and Eritrea was created fairly arbitrarily by the former colonial powers with little regard for the wishes of the subsequently separated people and families who had little interest in international borders. Although initially agreeing to set up a commission to explore the disputed areas, at 5:30am on 12th May 1988 Eritrean soldiers together with tanks and artillery attacked Badme, under Ethiopian administration. The border war reflected deep suspicions of Ethiopian intentions towards Eritrea, and the Ethiopian belief that Eritrea was naturally part of Ethiopia and should be absorbed rather than existing as a mere Italian creation which was bound to collapse in on itself given its internal religious and ethnic rivalries.

The ensuing border conflict cost hundreds of millions of dollars and an estimated 70,000 lives. The conflict itself was won by the Ethiopian army and a peace agreement was signed on 12th December 2000 with both sides agreeing to binding arbitration of the disputes territories under the Algiers Agreement. In 2002 the Eritrea-Ethiopia Boundary Commission (established under this agreement) ruled that Badme, the flashpoint for the war, should be part of Eritrea, however in 2010 Badme remains under Ethiopian control and remains a source of significant tension in the region. This video documentary explores the Eritrean Ethiopia border war and its ongoing implications for both countries. The map below shows Badme on the map, with the recognised Eritrea Ethiopa border showing.


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This image of the Eritrea Border War location is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 3.0 Unported license

Eritrea Border War

Eritrea Border War

Eritrea Border War

Eritrea Border War

 


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Eritrea Ethiopia Border War

Eritrea Ethiopia Border War

A video documentary exploring the Eritrea Ethiopia border war of 1998 - 2000 together with its causes and outcomes.

 
 


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