Central African Republic Poverty

Poverty throughout the Central African Republic is widespread. Not only is it one of the poorest countries in the world where one in ten children die at birth and one in five children are dead before their fifth birthday, it also has one of the world's poorest school enrolments and nearly all of the country's population of 4.4 million are affected by decades of conflict and war.

In the north of the country hundreds of thousands have fled their homes and villages to escape the ongoing violence taking them further away from educational and health care resources. Some of these people have been living in the fields, forest and bush for years some just a few months

In fact it is estimated that the number of displaced persons in the Central African Republic varies from 120,000 to 200,000. In 2011 the IDMC (Internal Displacement Monitoring Centre) estimated that 6% of the entire population were either internally displaced or living as refugees in neighbouring countries.

Central African Republic PovertyDespite being rich in resources such as diamonds, uranium, timber, gold and oil, 67% of the population live on less than 60p a day and whilst GDP in Sub-Saharan Africa has risen by 78% since 1985, its barely risen by 10% in the Central African Republic and amongst the six most least developed countries in the world, it is the only one not to have made any progress in the last twenty years.

This is reflected in the levels of humanitarian aid which has risen by 54% for the area, but fallen by 60% for the CAR, making it the lowest recipient of aid in the area, second only to Cameroon.

Part of the reason for this poverty is the country's landlocked position coupled with a poor transport system, economic mismanagement and corruption coupled with an unskilled workforce under half of whom are illiterate and where life expectancy is just 50 years.

All of this underpinned by a weak and ineffectual government and a level of violence and instability that has made aid agencies wary of operating in the country.

The video below explores the conflict in the Central African Republic and its impact on poverty in the country.


CAR Poverty

CAR Poverty

CAR Poverty

CAR Poverty


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Central African Republic Poverty

Human Development Index Central African Republic

Human Development Index for The Central African Republic 1980 - Present

The table above shows the HDI (Human Development Index) which is measured by the UNESCO Institute for Statistics (UIS) and the World Bank and is based upon the life expectancy, literacy, access to knowledge and living standards of a country.

The Central African Republic is in 180th place out of 186 countries and territories in 2013 and the chart above shows how levels of poverty and living standards in the Central African Republic fall far short of even sub-Saharan standards.

This video documentary explores life for many of those living in the north of the Central African Republic and the challenges they face to survive.

For more about life in the Central African Republic explore the articles above.



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